Guide for Prevention and Control at Home
- Residence requirements
(1) Residence requirements.
- People under quarantine shall live in well-ventilated single rooms. Their family members shall live in different rooms. If conditions do not allow, they shall stay at least 1 meter away from the quarantined person and sleep in separate beds.
- People under quarantine shall limit their activity space. If possible, they shall use separate kitchens and bathrooms from their family members. If conditions do not allow, the shared space (such as kitchens and bathrooms) should be well ventilated (keep the windows open).
- People under quarantine shall not leave their house without permission and shall turn down all visiting requests.
(2) Material requirements.
Essential items for home quarantine include: thermometers, face masks, trash cans with lids, sealable garbage bags, multi-layer impermeable paper towels to clean sputum, chlorine-based or ethanol-based disinfectants or wet paper towels, cups, water bottles, bedding and other daily necessities.
(3) Caretaker requirements.
It is best that the quarantined person is attended to by one designated family member, and the caretaker shall be in good health and has no chronic diseases.
- Protection requirements
(1) Protection for people under quarantine.
- Wear disposable surgical masks daily. Replace the mask every 4 hours or when the mask is wet.
- Pay attention to cough etiquette and hand hygiene. Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue or your elbow when coughing, spitting, or sneezing. Wash your hands with running water and hand sanitizer immediately after touching respiratory secretions.
- Set a special trash can with plastic bag and a lid. Used paper towels, face masks, gloves, and other wastes shall be placed in the special trash can in the room of the quarantined. The trash can must be emptied daily. Before emptying the trash can, spray or pour on the wastes with a chlorine–based disinfectant (effective chlorine concentration 500mg/L～1000mg/L) until they are soaked, then tighten the plastic bag, mark it as contaminant, and separate it from other domestic waste.
- Designate and separate daily necessities of the quarantined person from that of the family members’, and wash and disinfect separately.
- Notify immediately your healthcare contact should the following symptoms occur: (a) acute respiratory infections symptoms such as fever (armpit body temperature≥37.3℃), cough, etc. (b) breathing difficulties (including chest tightness, labored breathing, and shortness of breath after movement), (c) consciousness-related problems (including drowsiness, speaking nonsense, inability to distinguish between day and night, etc.), (d) diarrhea, (e) other family members show suspicious symptoms of COVID-19 infection, and (f) other suspicious symptoms.
- Other relevant requirements.
(2) Caretaker protection.
- Do not share daily necessities, tableware, etc. with people under quarantine to avoid indirect infection.
- When in the same room with people under quarantine, wear a surgical mask that well fits the face. If the mask gets wet or dirty, replace it immediately and wash hands with running water and hand sanitizer.
- Maintain hand hygiene at all times and avoid direct contact with body secretions, especially sputum and feces of the quarantined person. When disposing of his or her urine, feces and other wastes, wear disposable gloves and wash hands after taking off the gloves.
- Take body temperature every day and follow closely your health status. If symptoms such as fever (body temperature≥37.3℃), cough, shortness of breath and other symptoms of acute respiratory infection occur, please inform your healthcare contact immediately.
- Other relevant requirements.
- Preventive disinfection requirements.
1.Wipe the surface of objects being frequently touched such as tables, door handles, phones, switches, kettles, basins and toilets with 75% ethanol or chlorine-based disinfectant (effective chlorine concentration: 250mg/L~500mg/L) at least once a day and then rinse with clean water.
- Mop the floor with chlorine-based disinfectant (effective chlorine concentration: 250mg/L~500mg/L) every day.
- Soak daily fabrics (such as towels, clothing, quilt covers etc.) in chlorine-based disinfectant (effective chlorine concentration: 250mg/L~500mg/L) for 1 hour, or disinfect them with boiling water for 15 minutes.
- Disinfect heat-resistant items, such as utensils and tea sets with boiling water for 15 minutes or soak them in chlorine-based disinfectant (effective chlorine concentration: 250mg/L~500mg/L) for 30 minutes, and then rinse with clean water.
- Immediate disinfection requirements.
- When people under quarantine show symptoms such as vomiting and diarrhea, the contaminants discharged should be disinfected immediately. 2. Vomits, excreta and secretions could be collected in special containers. Mix them with 84 Disinfectant (with effective chlorine content at 5%) at the proportion of 1:5 and wait for 2 hours before pouring the mixture down the sewer.
- When the floor is contaminated by vomits, excreta, secretions or other contaminants, cover the contaminants with dry towel, and then pour the 84 Disinfectant (dilute with water at 1:1) and wait for 30 minutes before dumping the towel with the contaminants. It is suggested to mop or wipe the contaminated surface and its surroundings (within a radius of 2 meters) with 84 Disinfectant (dilute with water at 1:100) twice.
- Open windows for ventilation or use exhaust fans for mechanical ventilation when the disinfection is carried out at any time.
- Wear surgical masks and rubber gloves when disposing of contaminants, then take a shower and change clothes right after the disposal.